b'RUNWAYSOAK41roughly $11.2 million in grants to fund the project, with the Port FACTS&FIGURES of Oakland paying the remaining $4.7 million.The projects main components were taxiway geometryProject: Rebuilding Main Taxiwayupgrades to the latest FAA design standards, pavementLocation: Oakland (CA) Intl Airportrehabilitation, grading, drainage improvements, new airfield lightingAirport Owner/Operator: Port of Oaklandand signage, utility upgrades and new pavement markings.2022 Passenger Volume: About 11.1 millionRehabilitating the new 1,300-foot-long, 75-foot-wide taxiwayTaxiway Length: 1,300 ft.required 17,000 tons of asphalt and concrete as well as 18,000 linearProject Cost: $15.9 millionfeet of new electrical cable to power the lights, plus 55,000 squareFunding: $11.2 million in FAA grants; $4.7 million from Port of Oaklandfeet of new pavement markings. ADB SAFEGATE supplied the new airfield LED lights170 green taxiway centerline lights and 78 blueConstruction: Aug.-Oct. 2022taxiway edge lightswhich replaced former incandescent versions. Main Components: Geometry upgrades to meet latest FAA criteria; pavement rehabilitation; airfield grading; drainage improvements; new lighting & signage; Crews deposited approximately 3,800 cubic yards of concrete/ utility upgrades; new pavement markingsasphalt millings in various locations on the airports 2,500-acrePrime Design Consultant: AECOMgrounds, primarily for vegetation control along taxiways, shouldersPrime Contractor: Bay Cities Paving & Grading Inc.and aprons. Millings that werent recycled on airport grounds were used by general contractor Bay Cities Paving & Grading Inc. onPilot Communication Support: Jeppesen; NAVBLUEanother project. Taxiway Lights: ADB SAFEGATEBasically, all the millings were re-used, notes Chu. Temporary Taxiway Lights: Avlite SystemsMain Challenges: Keeping airport operational during 8 construction phases; Lots of Moving Pieces maintaining safety/security standards & enabling access to 22 gates accessible Various iterations of a temporary taxiway that bypassed theonly via taxiway being rehabilitatedconstruction site were key to maintaining aircraft operations.Key Benefits: Meeting current FAA standards; increasing safetyHowever, they required crews to install temporary pavement,with upgraded lightingsignage, edge lighting (150 solar fixtures the airport already owned) and hundreds of feet of security barricades. The barricades were 6-foot-tall, TSA-compliant chain-link fencing mounted atop 2-foot,Providing Solutions to Improve 8-inch-tall K-rails (concrete barriers) and topped with barbed wire.Airport Safety & Reduce Noise Since 1957 In all, the project included eight phases. The transition to a new taxiway realignment for each phasewhich included removing and then re-installing most of the aforementioned itemshad to be accomplished from midnight to 5:00 a.m. on Mondays, when the airport has no scheduled flights.Planes were ready to leave at 5:01 a.m., and we had to be ready to open, Pruim recalls. But weve learned from previous projects how to be creative with phasing while maintaining operations and maximizing airfield safety.One particular phase was especially challenging because planes had to maneuver through an S-curve-shaped section of temporary taxiway that was only 50 feet wide compared to the airports existing 75 feet. It took two weeks to build the bypass, but when the transition to using it occurred, pilots found it difficultOwen Roberts International Airport (GCM), September 2020to negotiate the double curve, even though it was built to FAA minimum standards.Jet Blast DeflectorsGround Run-up EnclosuresSince they werent familiar with that kind of configuration, some Blast WallsEnd Around Taxiway Visual Screenspilots were hitting the temporary edge lights, which were about aOrlando Melbourne International Airport (MLB), February 2021foot high, with the plane tires, Chu explains. So we changed the alignment of the lights a bit and added reflective pavement markers Jet Blast Deflectorson the asphalt for better visibility.Blast WallsIt didnt completely eliminate the problem, but it significantly Ground Run-up Enclosuresreduced the number of lights that were hit during the two weeks End Around Taxiway Visual Screenswe used that configuration.www.blastdeflectors.comAirportImprovement.comSeptember 2023'